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Writing and Citing

Citation Example APA (7th):

APA 7 quick reference guide

apa reference guide part two



APA Style Blog Examples

Important note regarding APA citations when citing online articles

APA style does not distinguish between articles accessed through a database and articles accessed via the Web. The exact citation formation will depend on whether the article has a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) available. 

In APA 7, the presentation of digital object identifiers (DOIs) and URLs has been standardized. Both are presented as hyperlinks; the label “DOI:” is no longer used, and the words “Retrieved from” are used only when a retrieval date is also needed.


Example - Journal Article with DOI:

screenshot of journal warticle with a doi citation


 Example - Journal Article without DOI:


screenshot of journal article without a doi citation


Electronic Reference / Credo Example:

Credo Reference is a subscription database available from the library website. The content in this database is not proprietary. This means that titles can be accessed using other platforms and/or in other formats. Since titles in Credo Reference are available to people in different ways, information about Credo Reference is not required in your reference.

Determine what type of source you are using in order to cite and reference titles found and accessed using Credo. Here are examples from the APA 7 Manual, p. 324, example 33.

screenshot of dicitionary citaiton example